Long lived, evergreen tree that has a broad dense canopy. Leaves are large, shiny and leathery. New growth is tinged bronze. Pale greenish-purple flowers are produced in summer with male and female flowers borne on separate trees – recommended to plant at least 5 trees to ensure a mix of sexes for production of pods. The curved pods filled with shiny seeds in the sweet edible pulp mature in early winter. Trees may take up to 7 years to produce fruit. Can be eaten fresh or dried and ground for a cocoa substitute. Also used as animal fodder for cattle, goats, donkeys, and sheep.
Hardy and drought tolerant, Carobs will grow in most well drained soil including rocky or gravelly sites. Prefers full sun.